/latin alembicus/ is a former laboratory equipment used for distillation, initially ceramic or glass and later copper. Its invention /around 800 AD/ is attributed to Jabber Ibn Hajan, an Arab physician and alchemist.
However, it turns out that this ingeniously simple device was already known to Greek alchemists several hundred years earlier. Because of its perfection, alembics /pot stills/ are successfully used, in various variants, till today.E
arly installations were heated directly on an open hearths. If the process required a gradual heating, a pot was placed in hot water or sand in order to avoid undesirable effects of open fire. Currently, traditional wood hearths are still used; however, electric, gas and steam heaters prevail.P
ot still design and material from which it was made have a significant influence on the quality of the obtained distillate. The shape of upper condenser - / called SWAN NECK
/ determines taste and quality of distillate. The smaller the surface of condensation is, the more essential oils the distillate contains and the more intense it tastes. Thanks to the large condensing surface, we obtain lighter aroma with smaller amount of essential oils. Stronger and cleaner distillate can be received, if distillation column with reflux condenser is mounted directly on pot still.